Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-coloured (black) grape varieties. The actual colour of the wine can range from intense violet, typical of young wines, through to brick red for mature wines and brown for older red wines.
The juice from most black grapes is greenish-white; the red colour comes from anthocyan pigments (also called anthocyanins) present in the skin of the grape; exceptions are the relatively uncommon teinturier varieties, which produce a red colored juice. Much of the red-wine production process therefore involves extraction of colour and flavour components from the grape skin.
Grape processing, Destemming and crushing, Additions at reception
Cooling of the must, noculation and fermentation, Pumping over, Temperature control, Following the fermentation, Pressing, Malolactic fermentation, Racking, Fining and stabilization, Filtration and bottling
1.A.O.C. (Appellation d'Origine Controlee)
3.Vin de Pays
4.Vin de Table
1.AOC Regionale 地方性
2.AOC Village 村莊級
3.AOC Premier Cru 一級葡萄園
4.AOC Grand Cru 特級葡萄園
01.Cabernet Sauvignon 卡本內．蘇維濃
02.Pinot Noir 黑皮諾
06.Cabernet Franc 卡本內．佛朗
08.Petit Verdot 小維鐸